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Because cannabis is a plant, it has not only one type, but also many types: these types are called strains. In terms of botany, there are two main types, indica and sativa. Many cannabis strains are actually hybrids of these two strains, but they can still be described as indica dominant or sativa dominant. Broadly speaking, these correspond to specific effects.
Many people find that strains that tend to indica provide a body-centered experience of deep relaxation, with a strong relaxing and even calming effect. In contrast, strains that tend to alfalfa tend to be more brain-friendly, vigorous, and stimulating. There is some debate about how useful these plant labels are, but we think they help to classify different cannabis varieties.
One of the reasons marijuana is so effective for our bodies is that it is not a single drug, but multiple drugs. The two most important are called cannabinoids and terpenes.
Cannabinoids are natural compounds present in different amounts and proportions in the cannabis plant. They are unique in that they are plant-based endocannabinoid compounds, which are produced in our body. Whether they come from marijuana or our body, they all bind to receptor cells in our nervous system to produce specific effects, such as fighting inflammation caused by injury or imparting the euphoria associated with THC.
This is the perfect introduction of the two most abundant cannabinoids, THC and CBD. THC is an abbreviation for tetrahydrocannabinol. In addition to being the only cannabinoid responsible for a euphoric psychoactivity – the sensation of “being high” – it is also a powerful pain reliever.
This means that some people feel highly stressed, distracted, and even uncomfortable. This is where CBD comes in. Abbreviation for cannabidiol, it is often used to help treat anxiety, insomnia, and pain. Although it can be taken alone, for example in marijuana, where the THC content is very low for many people, it has the best balance with THC.
Cannabis also includes a class of aromatic hydrocarbons, which is another term for “essential oils”-called terpenes. Terpenes are widely found in plants, foods and countless other natural products in nature. No matter where they are found, they can produce specific aromas and flavors.
But many researchers now believe that the effects of terpenes go far beyond this. They cited studies on the separated terpenes such as myrcene and limonene, and believed that these compounds help anti-inflammatory, boost mood, anti-bacterial and anti-fungal.
We believe that terpenes play an important role in determining your experience with any type or type of cannabis. This leads to the main point of this article: How to find the right strains for you?
What’s your desired effect?
After reading so much, you actually know a lot about cannabis. The question now is: how do we use this information to find the right strains for you?
Perhaps the most useful clue to the effects of any kind of cannabis is the ratio of the two cannabinoids we discussed earlier: THC and CBD. The higher the THC content, the stronger the psychoactive and pleasure of cannabis. On the other hand, once the ratio of CBD to THC exceeds 10:1, mental activity will decrease; in the case of 20 to 1, it is almost non-existent.
Knowing the specific cannabis type indica or sativa can also help. Remember, indica tends to have a heavier “body-centered” effect, while alfalfa can stimulate the brain and “buzz” more.